Direct reduction with hydrogen on a demonstration scale

In HYBRIT’s planned demonstration plant, we are taking the next step in the development from the lab and pilot scale tests, which are underway today. In the demonstration plant, we will demonstrate production on an industrial scale, which is a necessary step in the development prior to full commercial operation.

The demonstration plant includes hydrogen production, and manufacturing of sponge iron by direct reduction with hydrogen. The facility is planned in Vitåfors in Gällivare Municipality, Sweden. The plan is to have a facility ready in 2026.

The project is now studying the conditions at  location and different alternatives in order to design the outline of the process and set out the plant components for the best efficiency and safety and the minimum environmental impact. The same applies to the plant’s external energy supply and inputs as well as the deliveries of products and by-products.

At this point, the demonstration plant for direct reduction using fossil-free hydrogen does not include any large-scale hydrogen storage. The hydrogen to be used in the plant is produced adjoining the process and is used when it is produced. A demonstration hydrogen storage plant may be appropriate at a later stage, to verify this important element of the value chain on an industrial scale.

Technology development

The demonstration hydrogen direct reduction plant involves development in several fields of technology. The unique and innovative aspect of the plant is to industrialize known technology and to develop certain strategic technical aspects and to put it all to together – to enable and scale up the fossil free process to an industrial and commercial scale. The development work is proceeding by means of studies, in laboratories and through the extensive testing that is taking place in the pilot direct reduction plant in Luleå, Sweden. Here technical solutions are being optimized and verified. The technological development is proceeding in parallel with the plant design and planning, the financing as well as the permit process.


HYBRIT wants to implement an important and innovative transformation of the value chain and has applied for co-financing from the EU Innovation Fund for the demonstration project. The fund has been created using money from the EU Emissions Trading System and provides support for large and innovative projects leading to reductions in emissions. HYBRIT’s demonstration scale is a project that delivers truly significant emission reductions, while enabling the roll-out of products made of ore-based fossil-free steel.

Permit process

In 2020, work began on the preparation of the documentation for the environmental impact assessment, which will form the basis for the permit application that will be submitted to the Land and Environment Court. Hybrit has implemented consultations for the two possilble locations that where initially investigated for the demonstration plant (in Luleå Municipality and Gällivare Municipality). We will now go on to deeper dialogues and investigations to assertain that we aquire all aspects and all information that might be relevant for the continued design of the plant and the environmental impact assesement.

As support for the dialogue in the consultation process, consultation documentation has been produced, including the possible location, scope and design of the planned activities. It also describes the environmental impact to which the activities could give rise. The consultation material is only available in Swedish and can be required by sending an e-mail to Hybrit Samråd.

Information and material regarding the continued permit process that will now take place will be made available her on our website.

Do you have questions or comments?

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us, you can reach us most easily via our e-mail, Read more about how we handle personal data in connection with the consultation.


Sara Arvidson, responsible for permits and communication: +46 (0) 73-059 23 78

Agneta Wieslander, licensing specialist: +46 (0) 70-670 93 25

Åsa Bäcklin, communicator and visitor coordinator, Luleå: +46 (0) 70-358 22 93

Jeanette Lundqvist, communications officer, Gällivare: +46 (0) 73-547 79 71